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Mystery Of The Incarnation (THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING RELATING TO JESUS CHRIST) (Jesus Christian And Christianity)
Mystery Of The Incarnation (THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING RELATING TO JESUS CHRIST) (Jesus Christian And Christianity)

Mystery Of The Incarnation (THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING RELATING TO JESUS CHRIST) (Jesus Christian And Christianity)

Jesus Christian And Christianity

Part 2:

The Doctrines Of Christianity.

Chapter 2:

THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING RELATING
TO JESUS CHRIST

St. Stephen Incarnation DC 06 300x225 - Mystery Of The Incarnation (THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING RELATING TO JESUS CHRIST) (Jesus Christian And Christianity)
THE CHRISTIAN TEACHING RELATING
TO JESUS CHRIST

The gist of the Christian teaching relating to Jesus Christ ts that the word of God {that is, the person of the
son) became incarnate in the human being of Jesus Christ for the sake of the well-being of men. As long as Jesus Christ stayed in the world, this divine person or substance remained incarnate within him. To the extent that the Jews crucified him whereupon the divine person or substance
separated from his body. Then, three days after, he became alive for the second time and was shown to his
disciples; he gave them advice and guidance where after he ascended to Heaven. The Jews crucified him and thereby that sin of all Christians was forgiven which was committed by Adam and had passed into their nature at
birth. This doctrine has four basic parts, namely :

  1. INCARNATION
  2. CRUCIFIXION
  3. RESURRECTION
  4. REDEMPTION

We shall deal with each part in sufficient detail.

Incarnation:

The doctrine of incarnation appears first in the book of John. The author of this book refers to the beginning of
Jesus Christ in the following words:

“In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and tho word was God. He was in the beginning with God”. (John 1-3)

And further on he writes :

“And the word became flesh and dwelt among us, full
of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as
of the only son from the father’ . (John 14-15)

We have already stated that the ‘word” in Christianity refers to the person of the son of God – who himself is God. Accordingly, the meaning of the statement of John is that the word of God – that is, the person of the son – became incarnate and appeared in the form of Jesus. In explaining this doctrine, Maurice Relton writes; 16

“The Catholic Doctrine maintains that he who was God, without ceasing to be what he was, became man, i.e. entered into the conditions of our finite existence in time and space and dweit amongst us”

According to Christians, the power that unified the person of the son with the human existence of Jesus is the Holy Spirit. We have stated earlier that the meaning of the Holy Spirit in Christianity is the attribute of the love of God. Hence, the meaning of this doctrine is that because God loved his servants, he therefore, through his attribute of love sent the person of the son to this world – so that, he may become the redeemer of the original sin of men.

It must be borne in mind that the incarnation of the son into Jesus Christ does not mean according to Christians that the son gave up divinity and became man. But the meaning is that he was previously only God, and now also became man. Hence, in accordance with this doctrine, Jesus was simultaneously both man and God.

Alfred Garvey expresses this in the following words : 17

“Jesus was both Man and God at the same time. The denial of one or both of these natures in the one
person had given rise to a number of heretical sects. Athanasius strongly defended this theory against
Arius, Hence, the accepted formula was the unity of the two natures in the one person of Christ”.

From the human viewpoint, Jesus was of lower rank than God. For this reason, he stated the following:

“…For the Father is greater than I” (John 14:29)

And, it is in this respect that he was subject to human conditions and needs. But, from the viewpoint of divinity, he was equal to God, the Father. Hence, the Gospel of John writes:

” I and the Father are one” (John 10;30)

Augustine writes :

“In the form of God he made man; in the form of a servant, he was made man”

Moreover, Augustine writes to this extent:

“For he did not so take the form of a servant as that he should lose the form of God, in which he was equal
to the father. Is there anyone who cannot perceive that he himself in the form of God is also greater than
himself, but yet like wise in the form of a servant less than himself?”

The question arises here. How is it possible that one person be both man and God; creator and created, high and low? This question also like the doctrine of trinity became the centre of debate and controversy over the centuries. In answer thereto, books were written to the extent that the foundation was laid for a separate science known as Christology.

In regard to the Roman Catholic Church, it bases its argument in answer to this question on mainly different verses from the gospel of John. As if in its view, this doctrine is established by means of what has been transmitted 19 . As for reason, and in order to bring the doctrine of incarnation closer to human understanding, this church presents certain examples. Some assert that the unity of “God” and J, Man” is like an engravement in a ring.
Others say that the analogy is like the reflection of a person in a mirror. So, just as the engravement and the ring are two things in one existence or substance, and just as the mirror and reflection are two things in one existence or substance, the person of Jesus was Incarnated into
human existence in like manner. For this reason, there are two realities in his personality at the same time – one of God and one of man. Most Christian thinkers have however not accepted these arguments.

In Next Post:

  • Those who Deny the Divinity of Christ

Till then Allahafix and keep sharing TheRightPassage

 

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